What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?

There are many therapy types used by counsellors around the world. Yet one of the fundamental therapies used by counsellors is CBT known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. So, what is cognitive behavioural therapy? CBT is addressing a person’s action and practice in combination with their internal dialogue and thoughts. CBT focuses on the person’s thinking and belief systems as the root of the problem/s. CBT emphasises on recognising and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs.

Counsellors use CBT based on the belief all individuals have the potential for rational thinking and become victims to accepting irrational beliefs. A counsellor may assist individuals to reorganise internal dialogue to in turn assist the individual to reorganise their behaviour.

Eg: A = actual event, B = Belief system, C = Consequence

A – Classmates laughing while whispering to each other with the occasional glance in your direction. (One classmate was trying to tell the other classmate a funny joke without disturbing other classmates from their studies. They are aware of you looking in their direction so they try to be quiet when giggling at the joke as are aware they are distracting you).

B – You believe they are talking about you.

C – You verbally abuse your classmates.
The above is an example of a student who has been bullied in the past by other classmates therefore the student will have elevated triggers from past experiences.

A counsellor will identify this in CBT as the C= Consequence has stemmed from faulty thinking and making reference on the basis of inadequate or incorrect information and for the client B (above) has unsuccessfully distinguished between fantasy and reality.

The counsellor’s role is to assist client B through cognitive behavioural therapy to change the dysfunctional emotions and behaviours by way of modifying inaccurate and dysfunctional thinking.

CBT is used in couples counselling, relationship therapy, individual suffering from anxiety, depression, phobias, anger management. Counselling @ Voxen are well versed in assisting their clients to move through assumptions and beliefs and teach the client how to change their thinking.

Book an appointment today with your counsellor at Miami on the Gold Coast. Start the work now.


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